Update 8am CST:
Chernobyl has 48 hours worth of diesel fuel to operate back up power systems for the spent fuel storage.
There are 20,000 spent fuel assemblies at Chernobyl.
The shelter building over reactor 4 may have a backup power supply also, but it would likely only be 48 hours.
There are multiple reports that the Russian military has damaged or severed the 750 kV power line to the Chernobyl plant site. This leaves the site and nearby town without any power source.
This knocks a number of critical systems offline including the spent fuel storage facilities, fire fighting systems, monitoring, and negative air pressure systems used to contain nuclear dusts. We are not aware of any backup systems such as diesel generators on site. Those typically only have a few days worth of fuel available. This has also severed the connection between the site and the IAEA data system to share site monitoring information. This may have also taken down the email system that had been the lone method of communication out of the plant site.
The last reactor at Chernobyl ceased operation in 2000. So most of the spent fuel on site is relatively old. It still requires the spent fuel pools to be constantly cooled to prevent heat up of the pool. If the pool becomes too hot the water in the pool evaporates and could eventually expose the fuel, causing a catastrophic nuclear accident.
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